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The Human Body

Circulatory system

 

Heartfelt words

Ever heard the terms heart throb, heart attack, heart-to-heart? What are some other phrases that contain the word heart?

  • Open a new Word document and make a list of as many heart words as you can think of.
  • Use a drawing program on your computer to illustrate these terms in an interesting way.

Blue blood, red blood

  • Open this document:

Word icon. Diagram of the Heart (Word, 62 KB)

Use a drawing program on your computer to color:

  • the veins and the right side (atrium) blue
  • the pulmonary arteries to the lungs blue
  • the left side (atrium) and the pulmonary veins red.

Show the pathway of blood through the heart and lung by adding arrows to the diagram.

(Insert/picture/autoshapes/arrow)

Happy hearts

A happy heart is a fit heart.

Print out Word icon. Happy Heart Instructions (Word, 29 KB) .

Complete the exercises and maths to work out how fit you are.

Pumping blood

The right side of your heart receives blood from the body and pumps it to the lungs. The left side of the heart does the exact opposite – it receives blood from the lungs and pumps it out to the body.

  • Look at this moving diagram showing the movement of blood to and from the heart.
  • Open this Word icon. Heart Diagram (Word, 47 KB)  and name as many parts of the heart as you can.
  • Print out your work and check your answers against the moving diagram in task 1.

The heart as a pump

Sometimes it’s easier to understand how an organ works when you make a model of it.

  • To make a moving model of your heart, follow these instructions.

Feeling the beat

A pulse is the feeling of your blood being pushed along your blood vessels by the heart.

Respiratory system

 

Looking at your lungs

Your lungs make up one of the largest organs in your body, and they work with your respiratory system to allow you to take in fresh air, get rid of stale air, and even talk. Let's take a tour of the lungs!

How much air can you hold?

Try this experiment with your friends.

You will need a new balloon for each of your friends, and a tape measure.

  • Blow up a balloon with one breath.
  • Measure the circumference of a balloon that you’ve blown up with the tape measure. (If you don’t have a tape measure, use string and then measure the amount of string used with a ruler).
  • Create a graph in Word or Excel to show everyone’s lung capacity.

Nervous system

 

Brains rule

Blow your mind and learn about the brain with these interactives.

Brain drain

How many words can use make out of the word brain?

Sleep

Every person and animal needs it – but why?

Brain maze

  • Open this Word document and find your way through the brain maze.:

Word icon. Brain Maze document (Word, 127 KB)

  • Print out your maze when you have successfully completed it.

Skeletal system

 

Dem Bones, Dem Bones…

Dem Dry Bones is a well-known traditional spiritual song, often used to teach basic anatomy to children.

Build a skeleton

To learn about bones and how they all fit together. When doctors study they use actual human body bones.

Digestive system

 

Down the hatch

The digestive system is the story about what happens to the food you eat.

Down the tube

How much do you know about digestion?

  • Try this activity sheet.:

Word icon. Food and Digestion Activity Sheet (Word, 35 KB)

  • Print out your answers.

The garbage collectors

The kidneys help remove waste from your body.

Kohinu kia Tāhuna

He pai noa te kai kia tohatoha te kohinu kia ora, kia mahi, kia pūrei. Ka hōmai te mea whāinga kia hanga pūtau whero hou. Ko ngā momo kai katoa ka kaingia e mātou e marara haere ana i roto i tō tātou pūnaha nakunaku, ā, mā te pūnaha kawe toto e kawea ngā kai ki ngā tōpito katoa o tō tinana.

  • Tirohia ki tēnei whārangi ipurangi hei kimi i ngā meka e waru e pā ana ki tō mātou pūnaha nakunaku.
  • Me haere ki tēnei whārangi ipurangi, ā, me tuhituhi koe i ngā kōrero e pā ana i ōu repe ngakungaku kai, kouawai, puku, weu whēkau.

Lots of blue sausages

We have lots of different organs in our bodies.

Digestive system

The digestive system breaks down food to create an energy source for the body.

 

Muscular system

 

Moved by muscles

Did you know you have more than 600 muscles in your body? They help you do almost everything – from pumping blood throughout your body to lifting your heavy backpack.

General activities

 

Longest fingernails

Imagine having fingers nails so long that you couldn’t pick your nose!

  • Read about Lee Redmond from USA who holds the Guinness World Record for the longest fingernails.
  • Think about how Lee could get around doing normal everyday things. Write down your ideas in this document
      Word icon. Word Document (Word, 22 KB) .
  • Cut lengths of string or wool to match the length of her individual finger nail lengths and tape them to each of your finger. Try typing on the keyboard, doing up your shoe lace, or dialling a phone number.

How do you spell that word?

Learn the definitions of words, and have a go at spelling them

Make a body puzzle

using words from one type of system, or general body words.

Name that body part

Do you know the words for the different parts of the body in Māori?

Body quiz

Have you ever wondered how everything works inside your body? The body is an amazing machine. Buckle your seatbelts and have a go!

Have a go at this quiz about your body.

He Kimi Kupu

He kimi kupu te ngohe whakamutunga hei whakamātau i tō mōhiotanga o ngā kupu Māori mō ngā wāhanga o te tinana.

Word icon. Kimi kupu (Word, 50 KB)

Mahia ngā kupu i riro koe i te kimi kupu ki te hanga he pikitia nui A3. Whakingoatia ngā wāhanga rerekē o te tīnana i whiwhi koe i tāu kimi kupu. Ka taea hoki e koe te tāpiri i ōu ake kupu kia ‘Scientific’ te āhua.

Extreme body facts

The Guinness World Records is one of the most famous books in the world.

  • Read about some of the amazing and weird records about the human body.
  • Choose one record and write about it using Word or PowerPower.
  • Remember to use colour, give it a catchy heading, and, if you can copy a photo of the incredible record.

Gross stuff

Ever wondered all about the gross and cool stuff human bodies create – burps, snores, gas and more? Of course you have. Read about some yukky stuff here.

  • Choose one of two facts to create a ‘Did you know?’ for your classmates on one or more of the gross and cool items.
  • Use PowerPoint or a Word document to create a poster, booklet or slide presentation.

Mystery riddlers

Make up riddles about the heart, lungs, oxygen, blood vessels, carbon dioxide or any other body concept, for example:

  • I am part of the air.
  • I enter your lungs when you breathe in.
  • Your body needs me.
  • What am I? (oxygen)
    • Open a new Word document to write your riddle in.
    • Post it on the Wicked talk forum for others to answer.

Match the body part

Every organ in our body has an important role to play in keeping everything ticking along healthily.

How accurate are you at placing the correct body organ in the correct place? Try this fun interactive activity.

Ko Ngā Tikanga Māori me te Tinana

He mea nui te tinana ki roto i te Ao Māori. I ngā wā o mua he tikanga tinana tō te kāinga, tō te marae hoki, arā, ko ngā mea e tika ana, ko ngā mea e hē ana. Ko te pūtaketanga o ngā tikanga ko ngā whakaaro tika. E tāpiri ana te kupu ‘tapu’ me te kupu ‘noa’ ki aua tikanga. Ko te tapu, he mea aukati, ko te noa he mea wātea. Ahakoa he rerekē ētehi tikanga tō tēnā iwi, tō tēnā iwi, ko te nuinga e whāia ana e ngā iwi katoa.

  • Mahia te Word icon. whakamātautau (Word, 41 KB)  ‘Tapu’ me ‘Noa’ ki te whakamātau i tō mōhiotanga tikanga i te marae, i te kāinga rānei.
  • Ināianei, me mahia i tāu ake tēpu kupu o ngā mea tapu me te noa ki roto i tōu kainga, kātahi, me whakautu koe i ēnei pātai;
  • I ahu mai ōu tikanga kei runga i te whakaaro pai? Aha rānei?
  • He ōrite he rerekē rānei ōu tikanga ki tā te tikanga Māori?
  • Mēnā he rerekē, he aha i pērā ai?

Kupu hou

  • Tikanga – custom
  • Tapu – restricted
  • Noa – not restricted